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双语技巧:waste用法综述你知道吗?

时间:2016-11-01 14:26:43    来源:青学园教育    点击量:

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形容词词组:hazardous waste(有害废弃物)>solid waste(固体废弃物)>toxic waste(有毒废物)>nuclear waste(核废料)


  名词词组:waste time>waste management>waste disposal(废物处理)>waste site(废物处置场)

  动词词组:reduce waste>generate waste>dispose waste

  词形变化:

  wastes,wasted,wasted

  词义解析:

  n。 1。(an unnecessary or wrong use of money, substances, time, energy, abilities, etc。)浪费;滥用

  That meeting achieved absolutely nothing - it was a complete waste of time。

  那次会议根本没有取得什么成果——纯粹是浪费时间。

  She‘s been unemployed for two years and it’s such a waste of her talents。

  她已经失业两年了,这纯粹是浪费她的才华。

  2。 (unwanted matter or material of any type, especially what is left after useful substances or parts have been removed)废品,垃圾,废物,废料

  He opposes any kind of nuclear waste being dumped at sea。

  他反对将任何一种核废料倾倒入海中。

  Oil spills are common, as is the dumping of toxic industrial wastes。

  溢油现象很常见,就像倾倒有毒工业废料一样。

  3.waste ground (mainly UK) an area of ground in or near a city that is not built on or used in any way(城市里或市郊的)荒地

  wastes [ plural ](large areas of land that are not used to grow crops and have few living animals or plants 荒原,不毛之地)

  the Arctic wastes of northern Siberia

  西伯利亚北部的极地荒原地区

  v。(to use too much of something or use something badly when there is a limited amount of it 浪费;未好好利用)

  Come on, let‘s get started - we’ve wasted enough time already。

  快点儿,我们开始吧——我们已经浪费了不少时间了。

  
词组搭配(按使用频率依次递减):
 
  1。waste away:(to gradually get thinner and weaker, in a way that is unhealthy 逐渐消瘦;渐渐瘦弱)

  You get thinner every time I see you, Sara - you‘re wasting away!

  我每次见你你都比以前瘦了,萨拉——你真是越来越瘦弱了!

  2。waste of space:(informal)a person or thing that is not useful or helpful 废物,无用的人

  That man is a total waste of space。

  那个人完全是个废物。

  3。waste product:(a substance of no value or use that is made during a process in which something useful is produced 无用的副产品;工业垃圾)

  Cadmium is a toxic waste product of the electronics industry。

  镉是电子工业产生的一种有毒废物。
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